## 12 balls (Solution)

Drew Reiner and I solved this together. I canâ€™t say that our method was particularly elegant, it was mostly just think about it for a long time and try lots of stuff. For a more complete dissection of this problem, I suggest looking here.

Number the 12 balls from 0 to 11.

Weigh: left = [0, 1, 2, 3] vs. right = [4, 5, 6, 7]
If Left_heavy:
Weigh: left = [0, 1, 2, 4] vs. right = [3, 8, 9, 10]
If Left_heavy:
Weigh: left = [0] vs. right = [1]
If Left_heavy: Solved -> Ball 0 is heavy
If Left_light: Solved -> Ball 1 is heavy
If Even      : Solved -> Ball 2 is heavy
If Left_light:
Weigh: left = [4] vs. right = [11]
If Left_heavy: Impossible -> Impossible, all balls are equal
If Left_light: Solved -> Ball 4 is light
If Even      : Solved -> Ball 3 is heavy
If Even:
Weigh: left = [5] vs. right = [6]
If Left_heavy: Solved -> Ball 6 is light
If Left_light: Solved -> Ball 5 is light
If Even      : Solved -> Ball 7 is light
If Left_light:
Weigh: left = [0, 1, 2, 4] vs. right = [3, 8, 9, 10]
If Left_heavy:
Weigh: left = [4] vs. right = [11]
If Left_heavy: Solved -> Ball 4 is heavy
If Left_light: Impossible -> Impossible, all balls are equal
If Even      : Solved -> Ball 3 is light
If Left_light:
Weigh: left = [0] vs. right = [1]
If Left_heavy: Solved -> Ball 1 is light
If Left_light: Solved -> Ball 0 is light
If Even      : Solved -> Ball 2 is light
If Even:
Weigh: left = [5] vs. right = [6]
If Left_heavy: Solved -> Ball 5 is heavy
If Left_light: Solved -> Ball 6 is heavy
If Even      : Solved -> Ball 7 is heavy
If Even:
Weigh: left = [0, 1, 2] vs. right = [8, 9, 10]
If Left_heavy:
Weigh: left = [8] vs. right = [9]
If Left_heavy: Solved -> Ball 9 is light
If Left_light: Solved -> Ball 8 is light
If Even      : Solved -> Ball 10 is light
If Left_light:
Weigh: left = [8] vs. right = [9]
If Left_heavy: Solved -> Ball 8 is heavy
If Left_light: Solved -> Ball 9 is heavy
If Even      : Solved -> Ball 10 is heavy
If Even:
Weigh: left = [11] vs. right = [0]
If Left_heavy: Solved -> Ball 11 is heavy
If Left_light: Solved -> Ball 11 is light
If Even      : Impossible -> Impossible, all balls are equal